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HTML Meta Tags - SEO Checklist

Last updated on June 05, 2024 by RGB Web Tech

Introduction of HTML Meta Tags


HTML meta tags are special elements used to provide additional information about an HTML document. These tags are placed within the section of an HTML document and do not affect the visible content of the webpage. Instead, they convey metadata or instructions to browsers, search engines, and other web services. Meta tags are written in the form of elements with various attributes to specify their purpose and content.


Basic HTML Meta Tags


Basic HTML meta tags are used to provide information about a webpage to browsers, search engines, and other web services. Here are some commonly used basic meta tags:


1. Viewport Meta Tag: The viewport meta tag helps to control the layout and scaling of a webpage on mobile devices. It ensures that the webpage is displayed properly on different screen sizes.


Example:


2. Title Tag: The title tag specifies the title or headline of a webpage. It is displayed as the clickable link in search engine results and is important for SEO.


Example:

Page Title


3. Meta Description Tag: The meta description tag provides a brief summary of the webpage's content. It is often displayed as a snippet below the title in search engine results and can influence click-through rates.


Example:


4. Charset Meta Tag: The charset meta tag specifies the character encoding for the webpage. It ensures that characters are displayed correctly.


Example:


5. Author Meta Tag: The author meta tag indicates the author of the webpage. It can be used to credit the content to the appropriate individual or organization.


Example:


6. Robots Meta Tag: The robots meta tag instructs search engine crawlers on how to handle the webpage. It can indicate whether the page should be indexed, followed, or exclude specific bots.


Example:


7. Canonical URL Tag: The canonical URL tag specifies the preferred version of a webpage when multiple URLs have similar or duplicate content. It helps prevent duplicate content issues and consolidates ranking signals.


Example:


These basic meta tags provide essential information about the webpage to browsers and search engines. They help with search engine optimization, proper rendering of content, and improving the user experience. It's important to include these meta tags in the section of your HTML document to ensure proper functionality.


Open Graph Meta Tags


Open Graph meta tags are a set of tags used to provide structured information about a webpage when it is shared on social media platforms. They allow you to control how your webpage appears when shared and provide metadata that enhances the visual presentation and context of the shared content. Open Graph meta tags are particularly important for optimizing the sharing experience on platforms like Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Pinterest. Here are some commonly used Open Graph meta tags:


1. og:title: Specifies the title of the shared content.


Example:


2. og:description: Provides a brief description or summary of the shared content.


Example:


3. og:image: Specifies the URL of an image that represents the shared content.


Example:


4. og:url: Specifies the canonical URL of the shared content.


Example:


5. og:type: Indicates the type of content being shared, such as article, website, video, or music.


Example:


6. og:site_name: Specifies the name of the website or application.


Example:


7. og:locale: Specifies the locale or language of the shared content.


Example:


These are just a few examples of Open Graph meta tags. There are additional tags available for specific purposes like video, audio, product information, and more. Open Graph meta tags allow you to control how your content is displayed on social media platforms, improving its visibility, click-through rates, and engagement. Including these tags in the section of your HTML document enables social media platforms to extract and display the relevant information when your webpage is shared.


Apple Meta Tags


Apple meta tags, also known as Apple-specific meta tags or Apple touch icons, are specific meta tags used to enhance the experience of web content on Apple devices, particularly iOS devices like iPhones and iPads. These tags provide additional information and customization options for webpages when accessed through Safari or saved to the home screen. Here are some commonly used Apple meta tags:


1. apple-mobile-web-app-capable: Specifies whether a webpage should be displayed in full-screen mode without Safari's UI elements.


Example:


2. apple-mobile-web-app-title: Sets the title displayed when the webpage is saved to the home screen as a web app.


Example:


3. apple-mobile-web-app-status-bar-style: Defines the style of the status bar when the webpage is displayed as a web app.


Example:


4. apple-touch-icon: Specifies the URL of the icon to be used when the webpage is saved to the home screen.


Example:


5. apple-touch-icon-precomposed: Similar to apple-touch-icon, but specifies a precomposed version of the icon to be used.


Example:


6. apple-touch-startup-image: Specifies the URL of the startup image to be displayed when the webpage is launched as a web app.


Example:


These Apple meta tags help customize the appearance and behavior of web content when accessed through Safari on iOS devices. They allow you to create a more seamless and app-like experience for users who add your webpage to their home screen. By including these meta tags in the section of your HTML document, you can provide additional branding, improve user engagement, and enhance the overall user experience for Apple device users.


Internet Explorer Meta Tags


Internet Explorer (IE) has its own set of meta tags that can be used to provide specific instructions or information for the browser. Although IE is no longer actively developed and has limited market share, some organizations still require compatibility with IE for internal or legacy systems. Here are a few meta tags specific to Internet Explorer:


1. X-UA-Compatible: Specifies the document mode to use for rendering the webpage in IE. It helps ensure backward compatibility with older versions of IE and provides control over how IE renders the webpage.


Example:


2. msapplication-TileColor: Defines the color for the tile when a webpage is pinned to the Windows Start screen in IE.


Example:


3. msapplication-TileImage: Specifies the URL of the image to be used as the tile icon when the webpage is pinned to the Windows Start screen.


Example:


4. msapplication-tooltip: Sets the tooltip text that appears when the mouse hovers over the tile of a pinned webpage in IE.


Example:


5. msapplication-task: Adds tasks or shortcuts to the Jump List of a pinned webpage in IE.


Example:


These meta tags can help fine-tune the behavior and appearance of webpages in Internet Explorer. However, it's important to note that these tags are specific to IE and may not be supported by other modern browsers. It's recommended to focus on cross-browser compatibility and adhere to web standards rather than relying heavily on IE-specific meta tags, as modern browsers have better support for standard HTML and CSS features.


Facebook Meta Tags


Facebook meta tags, also known as Open Graph meta tags, are special tags used to customize how a webpage is displayed when shared on Facebook. These tags provide structured data to Facebook's crawler, allowing it to understand and present the shared content in a more visually appealing and informative way. Here are some commonly used Facebook meta tags:


1. og:title: Specifies the title of the shared content.


Example:


2. og:description: Provides a brief description or summary of the shared content.


Example:


3. og:image: Specifies the URL of an image that represents the shared content.


Example:


4. og:url: Specifies the canonical URL of the shared content.


Example:


5. og:type: Indicates the type of content being shared, such as article, website, video, or music.


Example:


6. og:site_name: Specifies the name of the website or application.


Example:


7. og:locale: Specifies the locale or language of the shared content.


Example:


These Open Graph meta tags provide Facebook with essential information about the shared content, allowing it to generate rich previews with images, titles, descriptions, and other relevant details. Including these tags in the section of your HTML document ensures that your shared content appears as intended on Facebook, encouraging engagement and click-through rates.


It's important to note that other social media platforms may also utilize Open Graph meta tags for content sharing. However, Facebook is one of the main platforms that extensively uses these tags to enhance the appearance of shared content within its ecosystem.


Twitter Meta Tags


Twitter meta tags, also known as Twitter Card meta tags, are used to customize how a webpage appears when it is shared on Twitter. These tags provide structured data to Twitter's crawler, allowing it to display the shared content in a more visually appealing and informative way. Here are some commonly used Twitter meta tags:


1. twitter:card: Specifies the type of card to be used for the shared content. There are several card types available, such as summary, summary_large_image, photo, video, and more.


Example:


2. twitter:title: Specifies the title of the shared content.


Example:


3. twitter:description: Provides a brief description or summary of the shared content.


Example:


4. twitter:image: Specifies the URL of an image that represents the shared content.


Example:


5. twitter:url: Specifies the canonical URL of the shared content.


Example:


6. twitter:site: Specifies the Twitter username of the website or author.


Example:


7. twitter:creator: Specifies the Twitter username of the content creator or author.


Example:


These Twitter meta tags provide Twitter with essential information about the shared content, allowing it to generate rich previews with images, titles, descriptions, and other relevant details. Including these tags in the section of your HTML document ensures that your shared content appears as intended on Twitter, encouraging engagement and click-through rates.


It's important to note that Twitter also supports Open Graph meta tags. If you have already included Open Graph meta tags for other platforms like Facebook, they will generally work for Twitter as well. However, using Twitter-specific meta tags allows for more control and customization specifically for Twitter's sharing experience.


Structured Data Markup HTML Meta Tags


Structured data markup is a way to provide search engines with additional context and information about the content on a webpage. While structured data markup is typically implemented using specific HTML elements and attributes rather than meta tags, it is still relevant to mention here as it complements the metadata provided by meta tags. Structured data markup helps search engines understand the content in a more structured and standardized format, enabling them to present rich results, enhance search listings, and power features like knowledge graphs and voice search.


Here is an example of implementing structured data markup using JSON-LD within the


In the example above, the structured data markup is defined using the JSON-LD format. The @type property specifies the type of the content (in this case, an article), and other properties such as headline, description, datePublished, author, and publisher provide additional details about the article and its associated entities.


By implementing structured data markup, you provide search engines with more information about your content, which can enhance its visibility and presentation in search results. It is important to refer to the Schema.org documentation to explore the available types and properties and choose the ones that best represent your content. Additionally, you can use Google's Structured Data Testing Tool or other similar tools to validate and preview how search engines interpret your structured data markup.


You can also try Profile Creation Sites List and Directory Submission Site List for creating quality backlinks.


We have created a Technical SEO Checklist for SEO Professionals. You can check that also.


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Written by RGB WEB TECH

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